The health care system in the Republic of the Srpska (RS) is centralised with overall power concentrated within the Ministry for health and social welfare of the Republic of Srpska, the Public Health Institute and the Health Insurance Fund. Financing of scientific researches is conducted and coordinated by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Srpska (MSTRS) , together with mutual coordination with the Ministry for health and social welfare of Republic of Srpska . Ministry of industry, energy and mining of Republic of Srpska is the highest level of entity authority responsible for the SME sector, defining measures of economic and development policy to support different economic activities. In the Republic of Srpska, there are no specialized associations directly involved in the field of AMI. However, certain associations gather individuals (doctors and researchers) on various issues in the scope of health policy, education and research, such as Chamber of doctors of medicine of Republic of Srpska, the Pharmacy Chamber of the Republic of Srpska, and the Doctors society of the Republic of Srpska. Generally, the R&D&I system in RS is coordinated fully by MSTRS, which is responsible for adopting necessary regulations, provision of financial support and necessary funds for RDI institutions. In RS there are 15 S&T institutes, two public and six private universities. Most research activities in the health sector are conducted at public universities in close cooperation with the University and Clinical Centres in Banja Luka and Foca. In accordance with legislation, these clinical centres are at the same time the scientific base for teaching and research staff of these universities. Most of the research projects and activities are implemented at these clinical centres.
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