New legislation in the field of science and higher education – new Law on Higher Education RS (2010) and Framework law on Higher education in BIH (2007) are giving complete institutional freedom to higher education institutions to establish their own commercial companies for research purposes, centres for technology transfer, innovation centres, and technological parks and to achieve income from such commercial research. Also, the legislation that regulates a work of R&D institution was significantly improved and is regulating the work of R&D institutions in the Republic of Srpska.
- Unity of R&D work and teaching process established as legal principle – this basic principle gives accent to all legal acts on importance of R&D work and an unbreakable connection with teaching process in higher education.
- Developed network of higher education institutions (establishment of a large number of study departments) and organization of studies for bigger number of different scientific fields. The system of higher education in RS/BIH still has qualified teaching and researching staff, even these are mainly older researchers and university professors.
- Increased budgetary allocations for science and research – changes and amendments of Law on scientific an research activities in RS, for the first time the budgetary allocations are significantly increased for achievement of R&D programme budget for the realization of scientific-research programs have significantly increased and set at a minimum of 0.15% to a maximum of 1% of GDP. This is an important move in budget allocation for the needs of science and research in RS and the opportunity for further stimulation of R&D institutions, especially in the field of biomedical research. Thanks to achieved incomes from privatization of state capital, Government of RS enabled establishment of additional funds from RS budget for infrastructural investments, beside existing grants given by Ministry of science and technology.
- Medicine and health sciences within the S&T policy documents indicated as one of the priorities: multidisciplinary approach including fundamental research in natural sciences, guided integrated research in medicine Biotechnologies and technical – technological sciences contributing to development and adopting new diagnostic, therapeutic and information technologies such as: diagnostics and therapy based on genes, manipulation of cells, tissues and organs, biosensors, etc.
Recognized importance of further reform and modernization of the public health system, health insurance fund and as an ultimate goal of achieving greater efficiency and financial sustainability of health systems in the RS / BiH.
- Possibilities for international and domestic academia-university cooperation for MI research and innovation – opening entrance to various cooperation programmes with EU member states, the community (both academic and SMEs) have possibilities for joint cooperation and improvements. There is evident enormous interest of other institutions (clinical centres and other medical institutions, SMEs, NGOs and development agencies) for participation in different EU programmes for science and technological development.
- Possibilities for networking with other clusters and organizations, through available funding schemes, as improvement factor – such as previously mentioned, but this extends previous cooperation with foreign investments in production capacities and improvement of economic cooperation between sectors or clusters.